Kŭmgang Mountain ranges from Gangwon-do, and Tongcheon-gun in Korea, and some areas extend to Inje-gun, Gangwon-do in the Republic of Korea, 40 km to the east and west, 60 km to the north and south, and 530 km² to the back of Baekdudaegan. Based on the western part of the county, it is classified as the'Inner kumgang' in the west and the 'Outer kumgang' in the east. The area on the east side of the Yeongeum River is called 'Hae kumgang'. The main peak of Mt. Kŭmgang is Pirobong, and more than 60,000 peaks over 1,000 meters. The combination of large and small peaks makes it difficult to measure. The ancestors were called 12,000 peaks. Many scenic spots in the area are designated as natural monuments of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The southern part of the'Outer kumgang' is also called 'New gumgang'. There are 11 'Outer kumgang', 8 'Inner kumgang' and 3 'Hae kumgang', but not all of them have been opened yet.
Koreans have perceived Kŭmgangsan as their muse since well before the Middle Ages. Practically every poet and artist who lived during the Joseon dynasty (1392-1910) made a pilgrimage to Kŭmgangsan. The division of the Korean peninsula in 1950 resulted in the South Korean people finding themselves unable to visit this beloved mountain for the better part of 50 years. The 155-mile-long (249 km) barbed-wire fence erected as part of the DMZ (Demilitarized zone) separating the two Koreas proved to be an obstacle stronger than any other barrier. It was in 1894 the British writer Isabella Bird Bishop referred to it in her travelogue as "Diamond Mountain".
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