In the 1960s, the movie The Sound of Music used some locations in and around Salzburg and the state of Salzburg. The movie was based on the true story of Maria von Trapp, who took up with an aristocratic family and fled the German Anschluss. The town draws many visitors who wish to visit the filming locations, alone or on tours.
Salzburg is a tourist favourite, with the number of visitors outnumbering locals by a large margin in peak times. In addition to Mozart's birthplace noted above, other notable places include:
- Historic centre of the city of Salzburg, a World Heritage Site
- Baroque architecture, including many churches
- Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom)
- Franciscan Church (Franziskanerkirche)
- Holy Trinity Church (Dreifaltigkeitskirche)
- Nonnberg Abbey, a Benedictine monastery
- St Peter's Abbey with the Petersfriedhof
- Hohensalzburg Fortress (Festung Hohensalzburg), overlooking the Old Town, is one of the largest castles in Europe
- Mirabell Palace, with its wide gardens
- Salzburg Residenz, the magnificent former residence of the Prince-Archbishops
- Residenzgalerie, an art museum in the Salzburg Residenz
- Großes Festspielhaus
- House for Mozart
- Mozart's birthplace
- St. Sebastian's Church
- Sphaera (Salzburg), a sculpture of a man on a golden sphere (Stephan Balkenhol, 2007)
- Schloss Leopoldskron, a rococo palace and national historic monument in Leopoldskron-Moos, a southern district of Salzburg
- Hellbrunn with its parks and castles
- The Sound of Music tour companies who operate tours of film locations
- Hangar-7, a multifunctional building owned by Red Bull, with a collection of historical airplanes, helicopters and Formula One racing cars
- Anif Castle, located south of the city in Anif
- Shrine of Our Lady of Maria Plain, a late Baroque church on the northern edge of Salzburg
- Salzburger Freilichtmuseum Großgmain, an open-air museum containing old farmhouses from all over the state assembled in an historic setting
- Schloss Klessheim, a palace and casino, formerly used by Adolf Hitler
- Berghof, Hitler's mountain retreat near Berchtesgaden
- Kehlsteinhaus, the only remnant of Hitler's Berghof
- Salzkammergut, an area of lakes east of the city
- Untersberg mountain, next to the city on the Germany-Austria border, with panoramic views of Salzburg and the surrounding Alps
- Skiing is an attraction during winter. Salzburg itself has no skiing facilities, but it acts as a gateway to skiing areas to the south. During the winter months its airport receives charter flights from around Europe.
- Salzburg Zoo, located south of the city in Anif
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