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Cairo

capital city of Egypt

184km

30.05331.246
Sights

Graeco-Roman Museum

A history museum with a vast collection mostly dating from the 3rd century BC to the 3rd century AD, spanning the Ptolemaic and Roman periods. Closed indefinitely; inquiries about its supposed "renovation" are met with shrugs and up-rolled eyes.

264m

31.19925929.906872

Alexandria National Museum

museum in Alexandria, Egypt

471m

31.201129.9132

Alexandria Museum of Fine Arts

Mostly modern and Orientalist paintings

632m

31.19529.9136

Pompey's Pillar (column)

An ancient monument, this 25-meter-high granite column was constructed in honor of the Emperor Diocletian in AD 297. The confined area where the column stands also has other ruins and sculptures such as the Serapium oracle. Also beside this area is a very big shopping center for cloth and furniture called "El-Saa3a," where you can find many types of cloth or clothes.

2.1km

31.1824944429.89645278

Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa

These catacombs were probably carved out to be a single wealthy family's mausoleum, and later expanded to take other elite funerals, from the 2nd to 4th C CE. The name "Kom el-Shouqafa" means "mound of shards" as people brought offerings to the dead here in earthenware bowls, then smashed the empties before returning home. They are composed of a ground level construction that probably served as a funerary chapel, a deep spiral stairway and three underground levels (the lowest now flooded by groundwater) for the funeral rituals and entombment. The place was discovered in 1900 when the ground gave way under a donkey.Built as a separate (and older) catacomb, the Hall of Caracalla became linked when energetic tomb-robbers tunnelled through. It seems to have been a burial place for the Roman emperor's horses, as horse bones predominate. No, not the donkey's.The catacombs are interesting for their plan and for their decoration, as the last of the pharonic burials transitioned into Grecian and Roman styles. But if you've seen the richly decorated burial chambers around Luxor, this one will suffer by comparison.

2.7km

31.17855829.892954

Citadel of Qaitbay

Set on the tip of the Anfushi/Pharos promontory, looking back over the eastern harbour and downtown Corniche. It was built by Mameluke Sultan Abdul-Nasser Qa'it Bay in 1477 CE, by re-cycling the stone of the ruined lighthouse. It tried (with limited success) to defend the city against invaders, from crusaders to Napoleon, and was in military use as late as 1882, when the British bombarded it.There are two entrances and admissions. West, facing your approach along the Harbour mall, is the ground-floor Maritime Museum - this is of little interest. (Its collection continues in a building on the mall.) Come round to the south flank facing the Corniche for the main entrance into the Citadel. There's a fortified courtyard then a 4-storey bastion.

3.0km

31.21329.8852

Ras El Tin Palace

building in Egypt

4.5km

31.1991944429.86863889

Royal Jewelry Museum

art museum

7.2km

31.240729.963

we will see

Alexandria

Egypt
Alexandria is Egypt's second largest city, its largest seaport and the country's window onto the Mediterranean Sea.

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Climate

Average temperatures

Jan

18°C9
Precipitation: 53 mm

Feb

19°C9
Precipitation: 29 mm

Mar

21°C11
Precipitation: 14 mm

Apr

24°C13
Precipitation: 3.6 mm

May

27°C17
Precipitation: 1.3 mm

Jun

29°C20
Precipitation: 0 mm

Jul

30°C23
Precipitation: 0 mm

Aug

30°C23
Precipitation: 0.1 mm

Sep

30°C21
Precipitation: 0.8 mm

Oct

28°C18
Precipitation: 9.4 mm

Nov

24°C14
Precipitation: 32 mm

Dec

20°C11
Precipitation: 53 mm
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